Born: 28 June 1712 · Geneva, Republic of Geneva)
Died: 2 July 1778 (aged 66) Oct 16, 1621 · Amsterdam, Netherlands
A Swiss philosopher and writer, Rousseau (1712-1778) strove to show his superiority to other philosophes of his time by attempting to distinguish himself as a composer, despite little formal musical training. He moved to Paris to advance his reputation as a composer and writer, meeting with some success, as with his intermède (operetta), Le devin du village. But he also suffered sharp criticism for his musical compositions and theoretical writings from France's most notable composer and musical theorist, Rameau. Publishing this popular concerto by Vivaldi in an arrangement for flute, an instrument popular amongst amateur musicians in Parisian intelligenci, was surely an attempt by Rousseau to further his fame.